Saturday, 11 February 2012

FORTY MARTYRS OF ENGLAND AND WALES

Who are the Forty Martyrs of England and Wales? They are a group of Catholic martyrs executed by the authorities during the Reformation. More than 600 Catholics, priests, laymen and women, are known to have died during the persecutions of the 16th and 17th centuries. Some offences were so trivial as to be almost unbelievable to us today. For instance, there were those who were executed for obtaining a papal license to marry. Then there was one Thomas Bosgrave. Bosgrave met on the road a priest named John Cornelius who was being taken away by the priest hunters. The priest had been hastily dragged off and was bareheaded. Thomas Bosgrave offered his cap to the priest and for this he was immediately arrested. Several months later Thomas Bosgrave was executed - for offering his cap to a priest!

The Forty Martyrs of England and Wales were selected from the hundreds who gave their lives for the Catholic Faith. As early as 1642 the first steps were taken to initiate the canonical process but owing to the ongoing persecutions the process had to be suspended. After the restoration of the Catholic Hierarchy in England and Wales in 1850 the Cause was resumed. Eventually, on 15th December 1929, Pope Pius XI beatified 136 of the martyrs. At last, after long and careful investigation and deliberation, three Carthusians, one Brigittine, thirteen secular priests, ten Jesuits, three Benedictines, two Franciscans, one Augustinian, four laymen and three laywomen were canonised by Pope Paul VI on 25th October 1970. Collectively, they are known as the "Forty Martyrs of England and Wales".

Before concluding this post, I think it right to remind ourselves that this unfortunate period of English history was a time of great upheaval in the country. It was a time of turmoil, suspicion, mistrust and of fear. In the 15th and 16th centuries, Protestants, Catholics and Non-Conformists all suffered for their religious beliefs, depending on who was in power at the time. Under Catholic Queen Mary hundreds of Protestants were burnt at the stake. Her father, Henry VIII, executed all who had the temerity to oppose him, notwithstanding their religious beliefs! Thank God we live in saner times, at least in this country. Surely it behoves us to pray for those who live in countries where to be a Christian still marks one out for persecution and death.

7 comments:

  1. Thanks for your very informative post. Hope you have been well.

    ReplyDelete
  2. "Under Catholic Queen Mary hundreds of Protestants were burnt at the stake."

    Apologies for criticising an otherwise excellent post but I think it is generally known now that the figures of burnings under Queen Mary have been somewhat exaggerated.

    ReplyDelete
  3. Hello Sr Ann Marie

    Thank you for your comment. It is really nice to hear from you again. Yes, thank God, I am well but present circumstances don't allow me to spend as much time at the computer as I once did. However, I am trying to keep the blog going & to have the occasional look at some of my favourite blogs. Hopefully, I will get back to more regular blogging in the not too distant future.

    Take care & God bless you, dear Sister.

    ReplyDelete
  4. Hello Patricius

    Thank you for looking in & for taking the time to comment. I didn't put a specific number on Mary's victims because, in my research, I found almost as many totals as I found articles about Mary. I came up with, among others, 289, 284, 300, 278 and 277. The lowest was 277 & that was in the Catholic Encyclopedia.

    However, please don't apologise. I appreciate your input and I welcome any suggestions you make. I hope you will continue to put me right when needed. I really do appreciate your interest and taking the time to leave a comment.

    Thank you again and God bless you, my friend.

    ReplyDelete
  5. How many non-Roman Catholics did the Papacy slaughter through the centuries?

    You have the gall to talk about the martyrs of the ROMAN church; that is like Neo-Nazis talking about their martyrs that died in World War II.

    ReplyDelete
  6. Shalom,

    In Exodus 32:7-14 the God of Israel tells Moses to go down from the mountain because He wants to wipe the Israelites off the face of the earth & start with a new people. Moses argues with God & slaughters 3,000 of the Israelites (see Exodus 32:21-28) Why? Because they had offered their children as Human Sacrifices to Moloch & continued to do so right through the Bible, even Solomon offered Human Sacrifices to Moloch. The prophet Amos chapter 5 tells us this, see verse 25-27& Acts 7:42-43.

    To see what happened we have to study Book of Jeremiah, especially chapter 7. Look at verses 21-27. It is clear that Judaism is corrupt from the beginning & we see that in Exodus 18 its the Pagan Priest of Median who is organizing Moses not God. The True religion of God is that of God's Prophets.

    Talmudic Judaism has come down through the centuries pretending to be God's Chosen People, but as Jesus says in John 8:44-47, they are the children of the Serpent - Satan. Jesus warned His followers to, "Beware the leaven (teachings) of the Pharisees", which we have in English today called the Babylonian Talmud. It it you will read how Talmudic Jews are to offer Human Sacrifices:

    MISHNAH. HE WHO GIVES OF HIS SEED TO MOLECH INCURS NO PUNISHMENT UNLESS HE DELIVERS IT TO MOLECH AND CAUSES IT TO PASS THROUGH THE FIRE. IF HE GAVE IT TO MOLECH BUT DID NOT CAUSE IT TO PASS THROUGH THE FIRE, OR THE REVERSE, HE INCURS NO PENALTY, UNLESS HE DOES BOTH.

    Babylonian Talmud, Tractate Sanhedrin 64a
    Soncino 1961 Edition, page 437

    Following the Mishnah is a discussion among the sages. One of the Talmud Sages, Rabbi Ashi, comments as follows:

    GEMARA. R. Ashi propounded: What if one caused his blind or sleeping son to pass through, (3) or if he caused his grandson by his son or daughter to pass through? — One at least of these you may solve. For it has been taught: [Any men … that giveth any of his seed unto Molech; he shall he put to death … And I will set my face against that man, and will cut him off from among his people;] because he hath given of his seed unto Molech. Why is this stated? — Because it is said, there shall not be found among you any one that maketh his son or his daughter to pass through the fire. From this I know it only of his son or daughter. Whence do I know that it applies to his son's son or daughter's son too? From the verse, [And if the people of the land do any ways hide their eyes from the man] when he giveth of his seed unto Molech [and kill him not: Then I will … cut him off.]

    — Babylonian Talmud, Tractate Sanhedrin 64b
    Soncino 1961 Edition, page 439

    This is the religion of ANTICHRIST and ALL Christians who give support to these people are enemies of Jesus Christ.

    ReplyDelete
  7. Hello Larry

    Thank you for your input. May God bless you & yours.

    ReplyDelete

Related Posts with Thumbnails